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CRYPTOTYMPANA AQUILA
Batwing Cicada
EMBEDDED IN CASTING RESIN

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Classification

Phylum: Arthropoda

Class: Insecta

Order: Hemiptera

Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha

Infraorder: Cicadomorpha

Superfamily: Cicadoidea

Family: Cicadidae

Subfamily: Cicadinae

Tribe: Cryptotympanini

Genus: Cryptotympana

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CRYPTOTYMPANA AQUILA

Distributed in large parts of South-East Asia including Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, Korea, and Indonesia. This large cicada has a wingspan of about 110mm and gets its common name from the fact that when its wings are spread open the dark patches form the shape of a bat's wings. Wherever you are in Thailand you are never far away from the sound of cicadas and in the forest the sound can be deafening, even during the day. Cicadas produce their 'song' by rapidly vibrating a drum-like membrane located on each side of the body. Only the males make this noise.

The cicadas are a superfamily, the Cicadoidea, of insects in the order Hemiptera . They are in the suborder Auchenorrhyncha, along with smaller jumping bugs such as leafhoppers and froghoppers. The superfamily is divided into two families, Tettigarctidae, with two species in Australia, and Cicadidae, with more than 3,000 species described from around the world; many species remain undescribed.

Cicadas have prominent eyes set wide apart, short antennae, and membranous front wings. They have an exceptionally loud song, produced in most species by the rapid buckling and unbuckling of drumlike tymbals. The earliest known fossil Cicadomorpha appeared in the Upper Permian period; extant species occur all around the world in temperate to tropical climates. They typically live in trees, feeding on watery sap from xylem tissue and laying their eggs in a slit in the bark. Most cicadas are cryptic. The vast majority of species are active during the day as adults, with some calling at dawn or dusk and only a rare few species are known to be nocturnal. The periodic cicadas spend most of their lives as underground nymphs, emerging only after 13 or 17 years, which may reduce losses by starving their predators and eventually emerging in huge numbers that overwhelm and satiate any remaining predators. The annual cicadas are species that emerge every year. Though these cicada have lifecycles that can vary from one to nine or more years as underground larvae, their emergence above ground as adults is not synchronized, so some appear every year.

Cicadas have been featured in literature since the time of Homer's Iliad, and as motifs in art from the Chinese Shang dynasty. They have also been used in myths and folklore to represent carefree living and immortality. Cicadas are eaten in various countries, including China, where the nymphs are served deep-fried in Shandong cuisine.


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