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PIPISTRELLUS TENUIS

LEAST PIPISTRELLE BAT

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HIPPOSIDERIDAE

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KINGDOM : Animalia

PHYLUM : Chordata

CLASS : Mammalia

ORDER : Chiroptera

FAMILY :Vespertilionidae

GENUS :Pipistrellus

SPECIES :Pipistrellus tenuis

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Order Mega/Micro chiroptera


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PIPISTRELLUS TENUIS BAT

LEAST PIPISTRELLE BAT

The least pipistrelle (Pipistrellus tenuis) is a species of vesper bat. It is found in Afghanistan, Cameroon, China, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Laos, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Vietnam.

Description

Head and body length is 6-7cm. Forearm is 3cm. Wingspan is 18-24cm. Weight 6-8g.Females are larger than males. Dark brown to black above, and lighter below. Wing membrane, face, and ears are black. Wing membrane has no pale margins as that of Indian pipistrell. Muzzle short and broad. Nostrils small, rounded, and placed between facial swellings. Small ears with prominent tragus and antitragus. Fur is dense, short, silky, and covers entire body.

Habitat and Ecology

In South Asia, this species is found from arid zones to wet and humid areas. It is equally abundant in forested areas, in rural and urban landscapes . It roosts in hollows of trees, holes, crevices and cracks in walls and ceilings of old buildings, dead leaves of trees. In Southeast Asia this is a largely forest species inhabits primary and secondary hill, montane and montane mossy forest. It is adapted to highly disturbed habitats, gardens, and mangrove forests . It is an early flyer, with a varied flight pattern from a jerky flight with many twists and turns to a slow fluttering and floating flight to an erratic flight as the evening progresses. Its diet is varied and seasonal. It feeds on beetles, cockroaches and wingless ants in winter, on a wide variety of insects in summer and on winter termites, moths, hymenopterans, dipterans and beetles during monsoon. There are two breeding seasons one in February-March and the other in July-August and between one to three young are born.

Conservation Actions

In Southeast Asia the species has been recorded from many protected areas. In South Asia, the species has been recorded from protected areas in India like Satpura National Park in Madhya Pradesh, Agasthiyamalai Biosphere Reserve in Tamil Nadu and Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve in Andhra Pradesh. Further studies are needed into the taxonomy, distribution, abundance, reproduction and ecology of this species. Populations of this species should be monitored to record changes in abundance and distribution .d humid areas. It is equally abundant in forested areas, in rural and urban landscapes . It roosts in hollows of trees, holes, crevices and cracks in walls and ceilings of old buildings, dead leaves of trees. In Southeast Asia this is a largely forest species inhabits primary and secondary hill, montane and montane mossy forest. It is adapted to highly disturbed habitats, gardens, and mangrove forests . It is an early flyer, with a varied flight pattern from a jerky flight with many twists and turns to a slow fluttering and floating flight to an erratic flight as the evening progresses. Its diet is varied and seasonal. It feeds on beetles, cockroaches and win

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