PROSOPOCOILUS BISON CINCTUS ( STAG BEETLE )
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PROSOPOCOILUS BISON CINCTUSProsopocoilus bison is a beetle of the Family Lucanidae.
There are several subspecies in Prosopocoilus bison. At a first glance, they do look relatively similar, with mandible variations being the main differentiator. Subspecies known at the moment are:
Prosopocoilus bison bison - Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea
They are all from the different areas in Indonesia, the Solomons and Papua New Guinea.
Stag beetles is a family of about 1,200 species of beetles in the family Lucanidae, currently classified in four subfamilies. Some species grow to over 12 centimetres, but most to about 5 cm.
The English name is derived from the large and distinctive mandibles found on the males of most species, which resemble the antlers of stags.
Male stag beetles are known for their over size mandibles used to wrestle each other for favoured mating sites in a way that parallels the way stags fight over females. Fights may also be over food, such as tree sap and decaying fruits. Despite their often fearsome appearance, they are not normally aggressive to humans.
The larvae feed for several years on rotting wood, growing through three larval stages until eventually pupating inside a pupal cell constructed from surrounding wood pieces and soil particles.